England and Wales

Wherever you fish in England and Wales, whether on rivers, canals, lakes, reservoirs, gravel pits, ponds or land drains, you must be in possession of the appropriate rod licence issued by the Water Authority in whose area you are fishing. You should also understand that if you intend to use more than one rod at a time, you will need a licence for each of the rods in simultaneous use, a requirement which has caught out many of those who set up two rods when carp fishing or, to give another instance, those pike anglers who set up even more. The only exception known to us in this respect is the Southern Water Authority whose licence permits up to two rods to be used.

Just as important is the fact that possession of a rod licence (or licences) does not entitle you to fish the water. It merely allows the use of a rod for the purpose of fishing in the area for which the licence is issued. Permission to fish any water must also be obtained from the ripa-rian owner or lessee (e.g. an angling associa-tion) of the fishing, usually by payment of a ticket fee or membership fee. An exception to this is those comparatively rare places actually controlled by Water Authorities where no charge is made for fishing other than that involved in the acquiring of a rod licence.

Equally relevant are those rare instances where no rod licence is required at all. This is because such places – most often Stillwater trout fisheries – are covered by what is called a general licence. This means that the controller, in many cases the Water Authority itself, has paid an overall sum to cover all those who fish that water during the course of a season. Other rare special instances exist. Wherever this is the case, the reader willfindthefollowing symbol min the Fishing Guide entry for any section of water where a rod licence is not required. In some areas, a definite change of attitude towards the issue of general licences is developing on the part of the policy makers and it would seem fair to say that this kind of dispensation is likely to be less common in the near future.

The issue of rod licences in England and Wales is now controlled by the ten Water Authorities which recently took over from the former River Authorities. The kind of licences they issue can vary enormously and a know-ledge of what is available can save the angler money. On the following s, we give a detailed listing of the licences available in each Authority’s area, including, where considered relevant, suggestions which could prevent you spending more than you need. Prices are not quoted but, as a general guide, it would be true to say that any licence which covers salmon is bound to be more expensive than one which covers trout with licences for coarse fishing only being the cheapest of all.

The easiest place to obtain a rod licence is a tackle shop. In some instances a licence is available on site, though this is comparatively rare, taking England and Wales as a whole. Any reader who has difficulty in obtaining a licence should write, enclosing a stamped addressed envelope, to the fishery department of the relevant Authority.

To assist in a clearer appreciation of the licence information given, newcomers should understand that by migratory trout, Water Authorities mean sea trout and by freshwater fish, they mean coarse fish. Though most anglers consider eels to be coarse fish, some Authorities specify them separately when categorising their licences.

It follows that anglers studying the Fishing Guide sections of this Guide are advised that, having found out from the Fishing Guide which Authority issues the relevant licence, they should check, in this section, the relevant type of licence required. All details given are current for the year beginning January 1 1977. All annual licences, except those of the Thames water Authority, are valid from January 1 to December 31.

Anglian Water Authority

Diploma House, Grammar School Walk, Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire PE18 6NZ. Telephone: Huntingdon (0480) 56

This Authority, which covers a huge area, is typical of those where a saving can be made by the angler who does not intend to fish throughout the Authority’s entire area. For rod licence purposes, the Authority have split their area into five divisions. An angler can buy a divisional licence for one or more of these divisions. If, on the other hand, he intend to fish throughout this Authority’s area, he can buy a regional licence. 1: Regional Licence This permits the angler to fish for all fish found in all waters in the Authority’s region, available as an annual or as a seven-day licence. Annual licences are available at concessionary prices to senior citizens and to juveniles aged 12-15. 2: Divisional Licences These permit the angler to fish for all fish found in all waters in the divisional areas as specified below. They are only issued as annual licences with concessionary rates again available to senior citizens and juveniles.

Lincolnshire (includes the Rivers Ancholme and Witham, their tributaries, all other waters entering the sea between Whitton on the River Humber and the Witham estuary, and all stillwaters in the same area) Welland and Nene (includes the Rivers Glen, Welland, Nene, their tributaries and all stillwaters in the same area) Great Ouse (includes the Rivers Great Ouse, Babingley, Ingot, Heacham, their tributaries and all stillwaters in the same area) Norfolk and Suffolk (includes the Rivers Yare, Wensum, Bure, Waveney, Orwell, Gipping, their tributaries, any other water entering the sea between Hunstanton in Norfolk and the Orwell estuary and all stillwaters in the same area)

Essex (includes the Rivers Stour, Mar Dyke, their tributaries, all other waters entering the sea between the Thames estuary and the lower boundary of Division 4, and all stillwaters in the same area) Note: juveniles under the age of 12donorneed a licence in this Authority’s area.

Northumbrian Water Authority

Northumbria House, Regent Centre, Gosforth, Newcastle upon Tyne NE3 3PX. Telephone: Gosforth (0632) 843 1: Licence covering salmon, trout (including migratory trout), freshwater fish and eels, available as an annual or monthly (28 day) licence. 2: Licence covering migratory trout, trout, freshwater fish and eels, annual or monthly ( day). This type of licence is available at a concessionary price for juveniles under the age of 16 on the day of issue. 3: Licence covering trout (excluding migratory trout), freshwater fish and eels, annual or monthly (28 day). Again a concessionary licence is available for juveniles. 4: Licence covering freshwater fish and eels only, annual licence only. A concessionary annual licence is available for juveniles.

North West Water Authority

New Town House, Buttermarket Street, War-rington WA1 2QG. Telephone: Warrington (0925) 53 Except for licences 4 and 5 , all licences cover fishing throughout the whole of this Authority’s area. 1: Licence covering salmon and migratory trout, available for season, part season (startto May 31), part season (June 1 to end) or 7-day. 2: Licence covering non-migratory trout, season or 7-day 3: Licence covering freshwater fish and eels, season or 7-day 4: Licence covering freshwater fish and eels (only valid in area of former Mersey and Weaver River Authority), season only. Note: Licences 1-4 are available at concessionary rates for juveniles (aged 14-16) and senior citizens, except in the case of 7-day licences. Juveniles under 14 do not need a licence.

Possession of Licence 1 precludes the need for Licences 2-4, of Licence 2 for 3 and 4, and of 3 for 4. 5: A temporary group licence available to parties of 10 or more anglers from outside the Authority’s area who are visiting it for just a day (usually for a match). Obtainable only by advance application.

Severn Trent Water Authority

Abelson House, 2297 Coventry Rd, Sheldon, Birmingham B26 3PR. Telephone: 021-743-4 This is another of the bigger Water Authority areas where care should be taken in buying a licence, in terms of the type of fish to besought and the area in which you are to fish. Salmon licences are only issued for the Severn catchment. Other licences are split into two categories: the regional licence (which covers fishing in Severn and Trent catchments) and the divisional licence (which covers just one of the two catchments). 1: Salmon Licence This covers salmon (and other fish) in the Severn Catchment only. It is available as (a) season (entire catchment); (b) season (restricted to the Rivers Vyrnwy, Banwy, Tanat and their tributaries); or (c) day (entire catchment). 2: Regional Licence This covers fishing for trout and freshwater fish in both Severn and Trent catchments, available as an annual or 28-day licence. A concessionary annual licence is available to senior citizens only. 3: Divisional Licence This covers fishing for trout and freshwater fish in eitherthe Severn or the Trent catchment. Available as a season licence only.

Note: Juveniles under the age of 14 do not require a rod licence. Over this age, they must have a full licence of the type of their choice.

Southern Water Authority

Guildbourne House, Chatsworth Road, Worthing, W. Sussex. Telephone: Worthing (0903) 205 1: Licence covering salmon, trout, freshwater fish and eels. 2: Licence covering trout (including migratory and rainbow trout), freshwater fish and eels. 3: Licence covering freshwater fish and eels.

All three types of licence are available on an annual or a 14-day basis. Licence 1 only is available on a one-day basis.

Juveniles under the age of 16 on the day of issue can obtain Licences 2 and 3 at concessionary rates. No concessionary juvenile rate is given for Licence 1.

Senior citizens in this area can obtain a licence free of charge by presenting the appropriate evidence (e.g. pension book) to any of the Authority’s rod licence agents. Note: Possession of a rod licence in this Authority’s area allows the angler to use up to two rods at any one time.

South West Water Authority 3/5 Barnfield Road, Exeter, EX1 1RE. Tele-phone: Exeter (0392) 31666. 1: Licence covering salmon, trout (including migratory trout), freshwater fish and eels, available as a season, weekly or one-day licence. Concessionary rates are available for juveniles (aged 10-16 years) on a seasonal or daily basis. 2: Licence covering trout (excluding migratory trout), freshwater fish and eels, available as a season, weekly or one-day licence. Concessionary rates are available to juveniles on a seasonal basis only. 3: Licence covering freshwater fish and eels only, season only. Concessionary rates are available for juveniles.

Note: Juveniles under the age of 10 do not need a licence in this Authority’s area.

Thames Water Authority 2nd Floor, Reading Bridge House, Reading, Berkshire RG1 8PR. Telephone: Reading (0734) 593 This Authority’s licences include the whole of its area and cover salmon, trout, freshwater fish and eels. Licences are available on an annual, 28-day or one-day basis. Concessionary rates are available to senior citizens and registered disabled persons.

Juveniles under 16 do not need a licence in this area.

Note: Licences in this Authority’s area are valid from April 1 in the year of issue until March 31 the following year.

Welsh National Water Development Authority

Cambrian Way, Brecon, Powys. Telephone: Brecon (0874) 3 The issue of rod licences in this Authority’s area is, without any doubt, the most complex of all, and with some reason. The Authority oversees fishing throughout Wales and, in terms of quality and variety, that covers an extremely wide range, from salmon fishing of the highest class to coarse fishing in tiny ponds. To operate their system, the Authority have split their licensing arrangements into the three categories shown below. 1. Salmon and sea trout fishing. For licences needed for these fish, the Authority have placed each relevant river in one of five classes: A, B, C, D or E, according to the potential and general quality of the fishing. Some rivers, it should be carefully noted, have been placed in two classes. The best water is in Class A, the poorest in Class E, a system which, to a large extent, gives the visitor to Wales an extremely good guide to this kind of fishing. Possession of a licence for a particular class of water entitles the angler to fish in all waters of that class or a lower class but not in those of a higher class.

Salmon and sea trout licences are issued on a season, weekly or day basis, each being also available in all classes, A. B, C, D and E. The price range varies considerably. To enable the angler to obtain the correct licence, we give below the Authority’s own classification of their rivers for the purpose of these licences.

Classification of Welsh Salmon and Sea Trout Waters Class A

Wye: Main river below Llanwrthwl Bridge

Class B

Usk: Main river below Talybont Bridge

Class C

Conwy: Main river below Conwy Falls

Dee: Main river below R Alwen junction

Dyfi (Dovey): Entire main river

Teifi: Main river below Lampeter Bridge

Tywi (Towy): Main river below Brianne Dam —(Cothi): Main river below Aberbranddu Falls

Usk: Main river above Talybont Bridge

Wye: Main river above Llanwrthwl Bridge

Class D

Aeron: Entire main river

Alwen: Entire main river

East Cleddau: Entire main river

West Cleddau: Entire main river

Clwyd: Entire main river • (Elwy): Entire main river Conwy: • (Lledr): Entire main river • (Llugwy): Main river below Swallow Falls Dee: • (Dee): Between Bala sluices and Alwen confluence • (Alwen): Entire main river Dwyfawr: Entire main river Dwryrd: Main river below Rhydysarn Dyfi (Dovey): • (Twymyn): Entire main river • (Dulas North): Entire main river • (Dulas South): Entire main river • (Cleifion): Entire main river

Dysynni: Entire main river (including Llyn Tal-y-Llyn) Eden: Main river below Bont Dolgefeiliau Elwy: Entire main river Glaslyn: Entire main river (including Llynnoedd Dinas and Gwynant) Gwyrfai: Entire main river Llyfni: Entire main river Loughor: Entire main river Mawddach: Entire main river • (Eden): Main river below Bont Dolgefeiliau Neath: Main river below confluence with

R Mellte

Nevern: Entire main river

Ogmore: Main river below confluence of main

Ogwr Fawr and Ogwr Fach

Ogwen: Entire main river

Rheidol: Main river below Cyfarllwyd Falls

Seiont: Entire main river (including Llynnoedd

Padarn and Peris)

Taf: Entire main river

Tywi (Towy): • (Gwili): Entire main river

Ystwyth: Main river below Llanafan Bridge

Class E

Others: All rivers, tributaries and streams not specifically included by name as Class A, B, C or D waters above are classified as Class E.

Anglers buying the above licence should note that they are also covered for fishing for non-migratory trout, char, coarse fish and eels.

Note: In every case, concessionary rates are available for juvenile anglers (undertheageof 16 on the day of issue) and senior citizens. 2. Non-migratory trout (ie. Brown and rainbow trout) These licences, which also cover char, coarse fish and eels, are available by the season, week or day. They cover the angler for all species named in a//waters (I.e. rivers, lakes, ponds etc.) throughout Wales. Concessionary rates for juveniles and senior citizens are only available on a seasonal basis. 3. Coarse fish and eels These licences are issued on a seasonal or day basis only. They cover the angler for the fish specified in waters throughout Wales. Again concessio nary rates for juveniles and senior citizens are only available on a seasonal basis.

Wessex Water Authority

Techno House, Redcliffe Way, Bristol, BS1 6NY. Telephone: Bristol (0272) 25491 or 25 1: Licence covering salmon, trout, freshwater fish and eels. 2: Licence covering trout (including migratory trout), freshwater fish and eels. 3: Licence covering coarse fish (including eels).

All three types of licence are available on an annual, weekly or daily basis.

All three types of licence are available at half price to juveniles (aged 11 to 16), senior citizens and registered disabled persons. Note: Juveniles under the age of 11 do not need a licence in this Authority’s area.

Yorkshire Water Authority

West Riding House, 67 Albion Street, Leeds LS1 5AR. Telephone: Leeds (0532) 448 1: Licence covering salmon, migratory and non-migratory trout, freshwater fish and eels in the of the Authority’s area, available for season, week or day. 2: Licence covering salmon, migratory and non-migratory trout, freshwaterfish and eels in the whole of the Authority’s area season and weekly only.

Licences of both types are available at concessionary rates for senior citizens. Juveniles under the age of 14 are exempted from the need to possess Licence 2. Juveniles, whatever their age, must possess a licence paid for at the full rate in the case of Licence 1.

Close Seasons

As the reader will soon discover, there is a great variation in close seasons in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland especially those governing migratory fish like salmon and sea trout. In order to clarify the situation we give separate consideration to each region.

England and Wales

Close seasons in England and Wales are applied by the ten Water Authorities through their by-laws. In some instances, close seasons are even now being subjected to revision. Where this is the case, it is made clear below, under the relevant Authority.

In some instances, water controllers operate longer close seasons than those laid down by a particular Authority. Where this is known, this information is included in the Fishing Guide entry for the water in question, the dates during which fishing permitted being preceeded by the symbol. This kind of variation is most commonly applied to stillwaters and, in England and Wales, is comparatively rare on rivers. Note: All dates given in this section are inclusive.

Anglian Water Authority

At the time this guide was printed, this Authority was seeking, through new by-laws, to standardise procedures, including those for close seasons, that it had inherited from five former River Authorities. Officials consulted on the subject said they were unable to give any exact date for the introduction of their new bylaw relating to close seasons other than that they hoped it would be ‘sometime in 1978’. For this reason we give below both the existing and the proposed close seasons.

Existing close seasons

Salmon and sea trout:

Trout: seasons specified only for the following reservoirs: Grafham Water, Rutland Water,

Toft Newton, Pitsford and Ravensthorpe

Coarse fish:

Proposed close seasons

It is possible that these may have become effective by the time this guide is published. Anglers are strongly advised to check the situation.

Salmon, sea trout: Entire area enclosed waters Salmon, sea trout: Enclosed waters Brown and rainbow trout: Entire area Coarsefish (includingeels):

Northumbrian Water Authority

Salmon: Sea trout: Brown Trout: Brown trout: {Lakes and Reservoirs: with the following specified, Broomlee Lough, Crag Lough, Greenlee Lough, Derwent Reservoir, East and West Hallington Reservoirs)

Note: owners or lessees of fishing rights on lakes and reservoirs in this area may extend the specified close season. An example is on the Sunderland and South Shields Water Company’s Derwent Reservoir where the close season is Coarse fish (including eels): 75-June North West Water Authority

This Authority, too, was in the course of changing its close seasons as this guide was being printed. The dates given below were under submission to the Ministry of Agricul-ture, Fisheries and Food at this time and the Authority emphasise that as these are prop-osed dates all anglers should check before fishing whether these dates were promul-gated.

Salmon: 1) in the River Eden and in all rivers, lakes and waters tributary to or connected with the Eden 2) in the following listed rivers and in all rivers, lakes and waters tributary to or connected with these rivers – these rivers being the Annas, Bleng, Esk, Mite, Irt, Calder and Ehen 3) in the following listed rivers and in all rivers, lakes and waters tributary to or connected with these rivers – these rivers being the Derwent, Ellen, Waver and Wampool

Sea trout: Excepted under this heading are the following rivers and all rivers, lakes and waters tributary to or connected with them: Annas; Bleng; Esk; Mite; Irt; Calder and Ehen. In these excepted waters the sea trout close season is

Brown trout and char: Rainbow trout: Coarse fish: Excepted under this heading: eels. Of these fish, the by-law states that it shall be lawful to fish in the NWWA area for eels with rod and line or with such other instrument during the coarse fish close season provided permission has been first obtained. Applica-tions under this heading should be directed to: Manager (Rivers Division), Newtown House, Warrington, Cheshire.

Severn Trent Water Authority

This Authority was, as this guide was being prepared, in the midst of widespread changes in its close seasons designed to standardise close seasons for the Severn and the Trent catchments. For this reason, we felt it wise to give the existing and the proposed close sea-sons for this Authority. Existing dose seasons

Salmon: Severn catchment

Trent catchment Sea Trout: Severn catchment

Trent catchment Brown trout: Trent catchment and all reservoirs and lakes in Severn area All other waters in Severn area

Rainbow trout: in the Derbyshire Derwent (excluding the section of the Wye from Black-well Mill to Cressbrook Mill)

In the Trent catchment (including the excepted section of the Wye referred to above) In the Severn catchment Coarse fish: Severn and Trent catchments Eels: Severn catchment Trent catchment Proposed close seasons It is hoped these by-laws will become operative from January 1 1978, but this is not certain. If objections arise during the consultative process the introduction of the new by-laws may be delayed until January 1 1979. Dates may also be changed. For these obvious reasons, anglers are urged to double check the situation with effect from January 11978 before starting to fish.

Salmon: Entire area Sea Trout: Entire area Brown Trout: Trent catchment and all reser-voirs and lakes in the Severn area

All other waters in the Severn area

Rainbow Trout: in the Derbyshire Derwent (including its tributaries) above Matlock Bridge, excluding the section of the Derbyshire Wye from Blackwell Mill near Buxton to Cressbrook Mill or upstream of Ashford-in-the-Water and excluding any reservoir or lake formed by the construction of a dam across the valley of that river or one of its tributaries

All other waters in the Severn and Trent catch-ments Coarse Rsh: All areas Eels: All areas provided the gape (I.e. the distance between the point of the hook and its shank) of any fish hook used is not less than 1.3 centimetres (0.5 inches).

Southern Water Authority

Salmon:

Sea Trout:

Brown and Rainbow Trout:

Coarse Fish:

South West Water Authority

Salmon

Avon1:

Axe:

Camel:

Dart1:

Exe:

Fowey:

Tamar & Plym: Plym: Remainder of this district:

Taw & Torridge: Lyn: Remainder of this district:

Teign1:

Sea Trout

Axe:

Camel:

Fowey:

Tamar & Plym:

Teign:

Other rivers:

Brown Trout

Rivers and streams, entire region:

Other waters, entire region:

Rainbow Trout:

Entire region:

Coarse Fish

Avon, Axe, Dart, Exe, Teign, Taw & Torridge:

Camel, Fowey, Tamar & Plym: ‘These are experimental close seasons and while they were in effect in 1977, the Authority do issue a warning that they may be changed from year to year.

Thames Water Authority

This Authority was yet another which was in the process of carrying out a ‘tidying-up’ operation on its close seasons in particular and its bylaws in general as this guide was being printed. Officials of the Authority assured us that the close season details given below would be effective in late 1978.

Salmon and Trout (excluding rainbow trout):

Rainbow Trout: 1) in enclosed waters: 2) in all other waters in the Authority’s area:

Coarse Fish:

Welsh National Water Development Authority

This Authority is responsible for applying close seasons to the whole of Wales. For administrative purposes, the Authority’s area has been split into six Divisions. These are: Dee and Clwyd; Glamorgan; Gwynedd; South West Wales; Usk; Wye. As the closed times can vary from division to division, these variations are set out below.

River divisions in this Authority’s area Dee and Clwyd Salmon: Dee and tributaries except Dee at Chester between Grosvenor Bridge and Suspension Bridge where dates are Clwyd and tributaries Sea trout: Dee and tributaries except Grosvenor Bridge to Suspension Bridge at Chester where dates are Clwyd and tributaries Elsewhere Non-migratory trout and char: except Bala Lake where dates are Coarse fish and eels: NB: for eels.

Glamorgan

Salmon: all waters. Sea trout: all waters. Non-migratory trout and char: all waters.

Coarse fish and eels: 75 all waters.

Gwynedd

Salmon: all waters. Sea trout: all waters. Non-migratory trout and char: except Trawsfynydd Lake where dates are: Brown trout Rainbow trout and Tanygrisiau Reservoir where dates are: Rainbow trout Coarse fish and eels: all waters.

South West Wales

Salmon: all waters. Sea trout: all waters. Non-migratory trout and char: except rivers as specified in bylaws1 where dates are Coarse fish and eels: 75 all waters.

Usk

Salmon: except Usk and tributaries above Talybont Bridge where dates are

Sea trout: except on

Lower Usk1 where dates are

Non-migratory trout and char: except on reservoirs and ponds where dates are and also excepting Lower Usk1 where dates are Coarse fish and eels: on Lower Usk1 where dates are

Wye

Salmon: except Wye below Llanwrthwl Bridge where dates are Sea trout: all waters.

Non-migratory trout and char: all waters.

Coarse fish and eels: all waters. NB: for eels. 1Copies of by-laws giving detailed explana-tions of these exceptions can be obtained from your nearest divisional office or from Information Office, Welsh National Water Development Authority, Cambrian Way, Brecon, Powys.

Wessex Water Authority

Salmon: Bristol Avon and Somerset Rivers

Division

Avon (Hants) and Dorset Rivers Division 1. Avon (Hants) and Dorset Stour only 2. All other parts of this division

Sea Trout: Entire region: Brown and Rainbow Trout: Bristol Avon and Somerset Rivers Division: Avon (Hants) and Dorset Rivers Division: the Avon above Mill Dam at Bickton Mill and all tributaries above this point except that section of the River Nadder lying above the road bridge at Barford St Martin. In these excepted sections, the close season is Further excepted in divisions are reservoirs, lakes and ponds. For them the close season is this by-law not applying to any reservoir, lake or pond containing rainbow trout only. Coarse Fish: Entire region

Yorkshire Water Authority

Where coarse fish are concerned, Yorkshire is different from everywhere else in England and Wales (with one or two small exceptions). The usual coarse fish close season is: March 15-June 15. In Yorkshire, the dates are a fact which means that coarse fishing begins in Yorkshire on June 1 while, in most other places, anglers must wait until June 16. This period is known among anglers as York-shire’s ‘stolen fortnight’. It was obtained as an exclusion to existing legislation many years ago by angling officials anxious to ensure that coarse fishing could take place during the Whitsuntide Bank Holiday (now the Spring Bank Holiday). This exception has remained in force almost without change ever since.

In similar vein, the close season for trout in the YWA area has recently been altered so that the season now starts on March 25, ratherthan April 1, thus ensuring that fishing is open for the Easter Bank Holiday.

Salmon and Sea Trout: Non-migratory Trout: Coarse Fish: Scotland

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